Ambient Science: Click the Volume and issue number for Complete Article

Location where to get the Complete Article --> Vol 1, No 1 (2014)

Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Arid Areas of Western India: Strategies for Mutual Co-Existence

Darshana Patel, Nishith Dharaiya


The study has been carried out in the North Gujarat region of Gujarat state, Western India which represents unique habitats from arid regions to dry deciduous forests with annual rainfall ranging from 25-125 cms. Human-wildlife conflicts are intensifying owing to increase in human population and destruction of wildlife habitats. In the present study we characterized and classified the conflicts, identified zones with acute conflicts and evaluated the economic loss to the local villagers due to such humanwildlife conflicts. Sampling methods mainly included village surveys for interviewing locals who are affected by wildlife damage. The information was overlaid on the existing digital land use data to identify landscape characteristics associated with wildlife occupancy in the region. The result depicts that 80% of total damage in seasonal crop is caused by wild ungulates. Wild animals like Blue bull, Wild boar and Porcupine are reported as a chief crop raider. The Leopard is the only big cat occurring in the region reported to cause human injury and livestock predation. Sloth bear attacks on human are very common in some part of the study area. Conflicts are more severe around unprotected forests while high intensity of conflicts was recorded on the fringes of the forests. Less compensation and delayed process of compensation by the government makes the local community more hostile towards the presence of wildlife in the area.


  • Dharaiya N. (2001). A study on the ecology of satellitic lion metapopulation around Gir PA and its conservation. Ph.D. Thesis, Saurashtra University, Rajkot.
  • Dharaiya N. (2008): To find out occurrence, distribution and status of some rare and small mammals in the North Gujarat Region. Final Report Unpublished. Gujarat Forest Research Institute, Gandhinagar. 87 Pp.
  • Dharaiya N. & Ratnayeke S. (2009): Escalating Human sloth bear conflicts in north Gujarat: a tough time to encourage support for bear conservation. International bear news, 18 (3): 12-14.
  • Gajera N. & Dharaiya N. (2011): Status, Occurrence, Distribution of some mammals of North Gujarat, India. Proc. Zool. Soc., 64 (1): 46-53.
  • Ikeda, N. (2004): Economic impacts of livestock depredation by snow leopard (Uncia uncial) in the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Nepal, Himalya. Environ. Conserv,. 31 (4): 322-330.
  • Linnell J.D.C., Swenson J.E. & Andersen R. (2001): Predators and people: conservation of large carnivores is possible at high human densities if management policy is favorable. Anim. Conserv., 4: 345-349.
  • Madhusudan M.D. & Mishra C. (2003): Why big, fierce animals are threatened: conserving large mammals in densely populated landscapes. In -M. Rangarajan and V. Saberwal eds.: Battles over nature: the science and politics of conservation in India. Permanent Black, New Delhi
  • Mishra C. (1997): Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the Indian trans-Himalaya: conflict perceptions and conservation prospects. Environ. Conserv., 24 (4): 338-343.
  • Namgail T., Bhatnagar Y.V. & Fox J. (2006): Carnivore-Caused Livestock Mortality. In- Trans-Himalaya. Environmental Management, xx, 1-8.
  • Primm S.A. & Clarke T. (1996): Making Sense of the Policy Process for Carnivore Conservation. Conserv. Biol, 10: 1036-1045.
  • Singh H.S. (2002).Natural Heritage of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar. 262 pp.impact of globally rising underwater sound levels on fish . Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 25 : 419-427.

  • DOI:10.21276/ambi.2014.01.1.ra03

    Creative Commons License

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
    Published by: National Cave Research and Protection Organization, India

    <Environmental Science+Zoology+Geology+Cave Science>AMBIENT SCIENCE