Ambient Science: Click the Volume and issue number for Complete Article

Location where to get the Complete Article --> Vol 3, No 1 (2016): 52-54

ISSN- 2348-5191 (Print version); 2348-8980 (Online)

Hathipol: Biodiversity of a Tunnel ‘Cave’ of Chhattisgarh, India

Amit Singh Banafar, Jayant Biswas


Tunnel caves are such passages, usually formed in the foothill of any mountain and mutually connect two plateaus. Such caves are large enough to accommodate the sizable amount of human beings and/or animals but do not meet all the criteria which are required to define a true cave (Vandel, 1965; Ford & Cullingford, 1976). Perhaps the geological processes of formation of such structures are the same as the other adjacent true caves. In essence, the complete dark zones are usually absent in tunnel caves due to which constant geophysical characteristics never develops. However, up to far extent tunnel caves also harbor the same biotic components which are usually common in the other true caves exist elsewhere.


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  • DOI:10.21276/ambi.2016.03.1.nn02

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    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
    Published by: National Cave Research and Protection Organization, India

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