Ambient Science: Click the Volume and issue number for Complete Article

Location where to get the Complete Article --> Vol 3, No 1 (2016): 22-28

ISSN- 2348-5191 (Print version); 2348-8980 (Online)

Ectoparasites (Insecta and Acari) Associated with Bats in South and South-Western Caves of Iran

Mohammad Javad Malek-Hosseini, Saber Sadeghi, Yaser Bakhshi, Meysam Dashan


This paper presents a part of the study conducted on cave fauna in Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad and Fars provinces, South West and South of Iran. Eleven caves were investigated and seven species of bats were examined for identifying the ectoparasites. We found six species of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and four mites (Acari: Spinturnicidae and Macronyssidae), eight species of Nycteribiidae and two Strelibidae (Diptera: Insecta) as ectoparasites of bats. Two species of ticks and mites; Ixodes simplex (Ixodidae) and Macronyssus granulosus (Macronyssidae) were recorded for the first time from Iran. The threats from such ectoparasites have been discussed.


  • Benda. P., Lučan. R.K., Obuch, J., Reiter, A., Andreas, M., Bačkor, P., Bohnenstengel, T., Eid, E.K., Ševčík, M., Vallo, P. & Amr, Z.S. (2010): Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Part 8. Bats of Jordan: fauna, ecology, echolocation, ectoparasites. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemoslovenicae, 74: 185-353.
  • Benda, P., Faizolâhi, K., Andreas, M., Obuch, J., Reiter, A., Ševčík, M., Uhrin, M., Vallo, P. & Ashrafi, S. (2012): Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Part 10, Bat fauna of Iran. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemoslovenicae, 76: 163-582.
  • Bertola, P.B., Aires, C.C., Favorito, S.E., Gracioli, G., Amaku, M. & Pinto-De-Rocha, R. (2005): Bat flies (Diptera: Streblidae, Nycteribiidae) parasitic on bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) at Parque Estadual de Cantareira, Sao Paulo, Brazil: parasitism rates and host-parasite associations. Mem. Instit. Oswaldo Cruz, 100: 25-32.
  • Christophoryová, J., Dashdamirov, S., Malekhosseini, M.J. & Sadeghi, S. (2013): First record of the genus Megachernes (Pseudoscorpiones: Chernetidae) from an Iranian cave. Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 46: 9-16.
  • Dashan, M. (2014): Study of the cave fauna of Fars province, Iran. M.Sc. thesis, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Dashan, M., Sadeghi, S., Bakhshi, Y. & Malek Hosseini, M.J. (2014a). First record and redescription of Niptus hololeucus (Faldermann, 1835) from Kangohar Cave (Coleoptera: Ptinidae). Iran. J. Ani. Biosyst., 10(2) 81-85.
  • Dashan, M., Sadeghi, S. & Bakhshi, Y. (2014b): First record of the genus Aglenus (Coleoptera: Salpingidaeas) a cave dweller from Iran (Tadovan Cave). Cave Karst Sci., 41: 129-131.
  • Ghaderi, G.H. & Karimi, l. (2014): Formation of Angerh Minue Cave in Asmari Karst Complex of Zagros Mountain, Iran. Ambient Sci., 1(1): 47-50.
  • Haitlinger, R. & Łupicki, D. (2008): Arthropods (Acari, Siphonaptera, Heteroptera, Psocoptera) associated with Nyctalus noctula (Schreber, 1774) (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in Southern Poland. Wiadomooeci Parazytologiczne, 54(2): 123-130.
  • Hůrka, K. (1984): New taxa and new records of Palearctic Nycteribiidae and Streblidae (Diptera: Pupipara). Věstník Československé Společnosti Zoologické, 48: 90-101.
  • Kashani, M.G., Malek Hosseini, M.J. & Sadeghi, S. (2013): First recorded cave-dwelling terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscidea) in Iran with a description of a new species. Zootaxa, 3734 (5): 591-596.
  • Kock, D. (1983): Fledermaus-Fliegen in Iran (Insecta: Diptera: Streblidae, Nycteribiidae). Senckenbergiana biologica, 63: 167-180.
  • Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (2009): A Manual of Acarology. Texas Tech University Press. Viviii+1807 pp.
  • Krasnov, B.R., Shenbrot, G.I., Khokholva, I.S. & Degen A.A. (2004): Flea species richness and parameters of host body, host geography, and host “milieu”. J. Anim. Ecol., 73 : 1121-1128.
  • Maa, T.C. (1968): On Diptera pupipara from Africa, Part 1. J. Med. Entomol., 5: 233-251.
  • Malek Hosseini, M.J., Grismado, C., Sadeghi, S. & Bakhshi,Y. (2015a): Description of the first cave dwelling species of the spider genus Trilacuna Tong & Li from Iran (Araneae: Oonopidae). Zootaxa, 3972 (4):549-561.
  • Malek Hosseini, M.J., Zamani, A. & Sadeghi, S. (2015b): A survey of cave-dwelling spider fauna of Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad and Fars provinces, Iran ( Arachnida: Araneae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 27: 90-94.
  • Malek Hosseini,M.J., Muilwijk, J., Sadeghi, S. & Bakhshi, Y. (2016): The Carabid fauna of caves in the southern Zagros Mountains and description of Laemostenus (Antisphodrus) aequalis nov.sp. and Duvalius kileri nov.sp. (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. Entomofauna, 37(10) : 185-204.
  • Marshall, A.G. (1982): Ecology of insects ectoparasitic on bats. In: Kunz TH, ed. New York: Plenum, pp. 369-401.
  • Pomerantzev, B.I. (1959): In: Fauna of USSR volume IV, no. 2. Anastos G, editor. Washington: The American Institute of Biological Sciences; 1959. Ixodid ticks (Ixodidae) (English translation by Elbl A).
  • Reboleira, A.S., Malek Hosseini, M.J., Sadeghi, S. & Henrik, E. (2015): Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites. Europ. J.Taxon., 146: 1-18.
  • Theodor, O. (1967): An illustrated catalogue of the Rothschild Collection of Nycteribiidae in the British Museum (Natural History), with Keys and Short Descriptions for the Identification of Subfamities, Genera, Species and Subspecies. Publication 655. London, British Museum (Natural History), viii+506 pp.
  • Theodor, O. & Moscona, A. (1954): On bat parasites in Palestine. I. Nycteribiidae, Streblidae, Hemiptera, Siphonaptera. Parasitology, 44: 157-245.
  • Vatandoost, H., Telmadarraiy, Z., Sharifi, M., Moradi, A., Kamali, M. & Taran, M. (2010): Ectoparasites of lesser mouse eared bat, Myotis blythii from Kermanshah, Iran. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Med., 3: 371-373.

  • DOI:10.21276/ambi.2016.03.1.ra03

    Creative Commons License

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
    Published by: National Cave Research and Protection Organization, India

    <Environmental Science+Zoology+Geology+Cave Science>AMBIENT SCIENCE