Ambient Science: Click the Volume and issue number for Complete Article

Location where to get the Complete Article --> Ambient Science: Vol 3, No Sp 1 (2016): 19-22

ISSN- 2348-5191 (Print version); 2348-8980 (Online)

The Role of Cognitive Dysfunction and Behavioral Activation System on Life Quality Life of Employees in Iran

Abbas Darkhor, Maryam Sadeghifard


The role of cognitive dysfunction and Behavioral Activation System on the quality of life of employees has been tried to understand. In this study, we considered all the employees of Azad University of Bandar Abbas working in the year 2016 as subject. Using simple random sampling method, 90 employees of Azad University, Bandar Abbas were selected and data were collected by using Cognitive dysfunction, behavioral activation system and quality of life questionnaires. Obtained data were analyzed by using Pearson correlation coefficient and using SPSS software and the result revealed a significant and negative relationship between the quality of life with cognitive dysfunctions, including distraction, memory problems, unintentional mistakes and inability to memorize the names. Nevertheless, a significant and positive relationship between these cases and Behavioral Activation System has also been evidenced. Our results concluded that cognitive dysfunction and Behavioral Activation System are factors that affecting the quality of life.


  • Abbasi, M., Zabih, P., Shahriar, D., & Shabnam, A.N. (2015): The relationship between cognitive dysfunction and alexithymia and decisional procrastination in students. Iran. J. Med. Edu., 14(10): 898-908.
  • Ayat-Elahi, S.M.T. & Rafiei M. (2004) . Investigating quality of life among the personnel of Islamic Azad University of Arak in 2003. J. Men. Health Princ., 6: 70-63.
  • Barati, H. & Arizi, H.R. (2010).Comparison of cognitive dysfunction and meta-cognitive componentsand considering modification variable in occupational accidents. J. Behav. Sci., 4(2): 121-115.
  • Broadbent, D.E., Cooper, P.F., Fitzgerald, P. & Parkes, K.R.(1982): The cognitive failures questionnaire (CFQ) and its correlates. Brit. J Clin Psychol.,21(1): 1-16.
  • Doorn, R.R.A., Lang, J.W.B., Weijters, T. (2010): Selfreported cognitive failures: A core self-evaluation? Pers.Indiv.Differ., (49):717-722.
  • Erdle, S. & Rushton, J.P.(2010): The General Factor of Personality, BISBAS, expectancies of reward and punishment, self-esteem, and positive and negative affect. Pers. Indiv. Differ., (48): 762-766.
  • Gomez, A. & Gomez, R. (2002): Personality traits of the behavioural approach and inhibition systems: associations with processing of emotional stimuli. Pers. Indiv. Differ., 32(8): 1299-1316.
  • Gray, J.A. (1995): A model of the limbic system and basal ganglia: Applications to anxiety and schizophrenia. In M. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The cognitive neuroscience. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 1165 1176.
  • Gray, J.A. & McNaughton, N. (2000): The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An Enquiry into the Functions of the Septo-Hippocampal System. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Gholyan, M.S., Falaha, P.A., Ashteyani, F. & Ashayeri, H. (2010): The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism with cognitive dysfunction: assessment of the role of mediating meta-cognitive. J.Clin.Psych., 4(2):48-41.
  • Hosseini, J., Bidgoli, I. & Ghoushchian, S. (2007): Comparison of activity of mental-behavioral system in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal people. Cogn. Sci., 9(4):16-25.
  • Hemmati, Kh. (2006): Investigating and comparison of attitudes towards disabled people and ordinary people towards quality of life and its dimensions, Master Thesis, University of Shiraz.
  • Heponiemi, T., Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., Puttonen, S. & Ravaja, N.(2003): BIS/BAS sensitivity and self- rated affects during experimentally induced stress. Pers. Indiv. Differ., 34(6): 943-957.
  • Huang, C., Wu, A. W., & Frangakis, C. (2006): Do the SF-36 and WHOQOL-BREF measure the same constructs? Evidence from the Taiwan population. Qual. Life Res., 15:15-24.
  • Kanyazev, G.G. & Slobodskoj-Plusnin, J.Y.U. (2007):Behavioral approach system as a moderator of emotional arousal elicited by reward and punishment cues. Pers. Indiv. Differ., 42(1): 49-59.
  • Kingsburya, A., Coplan, R.J., Weeks, M. & Rose-krasnor, L.(2013): Covering all the BAS's: A closer look at the links between BIS, BAS, and socio-emotional functioning in childhood. Pers. Indiv. Differ. , 55(5):521-526.
  • Li, Y., Xu, Y. & Chen, Z. (2015).Effects of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS), behavioral activation system (BAS), and emotion regulation on depression: A one-year follow-up study in Chinese adolescents. Psychiatry Res.,230(2):287-293.
  • Mansouri, A. & Roodsari, A.B. (2010): The relationship between activation systems and behavioral inhibition with pathological and non- pathological worry. J. Babol Univ. Med. Sci., 12(1): 64-59.
  • Mecacci, L., Righi, S., & Rocchetti, G. (2004): Cognitive failures and circadian typology. Pers. Indiv. Differ.,37(1):107-113.
  • Piras, F., Orfei, M.D., Caltagirone, C. & Spalletta, G. (2016): Self-awareness in Mild Cognitive Impairment: Quantitative evidence from systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosci. & Biobehav. Rev., 61: 90-107.
  • Reason, J. (1988): Stress and cognitive failure, in S. Fisher & Reason J (eds.) Handbook of life stress, cognition, and health. New York: Wiley.
  • Tayebi, A., Salimi, S.H., Mahmoudi, H. & Tadrisi, S.D. (2010): Comparison of quality of life in dialysis and kidney transplantation patients. J Crit. Care Nurs. 3(1):19-22.
  • Wallace, J.C., Kass, S.J. & Stanny, C.J. (2002): Cognitive failures questionnaire revisited: correlates and dimensions. J. Gen. Psychol., 129(3): 238-256.
  • Zoljanahi, E. & Vafaei, M. (2006): The relationship between type D personality with behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation systems, Journal of Psychology, University of Tabriz, Volume 1, No. 2 and No. 3, pp. 15-8.

  • DOI:10.21276/ambi.2016.03.sp1.ta04

    Creative Commons License

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
    Published by: National Cave Research and Protection Organization, India

    <Environmental Science+Zoology+Geology+Cave Science>AMBIENT SCIENCE