Ambient Science: Click the Volume and issue number for Complete Article

Location where to get the Complete Article --> Vol 4, No 1 (2017): 74-77

ISSN- 2348-5191 (Print version); 2348-8980 (Online)

Qualitative and Quantitative Survey and Suggested Management Strategy of Hospital Solid Waste at Hormozgan Province, Iran

Mohsen Dehghani, Majid Vafadar


Medical wastes always need special attention because of having infectious and hazardous compositions for the environment in the solid wastes management system. One of the most fundamental elements in planning and implementing a correct medical wastes management program is being aware of quantitative and qualitative amounts of medical wastes. The present piece of work is a temporal descriptive type which was carried out for examining medical wastes in Hormozgan province from qualitative and qualitative based on collecting data from 15 hospitals, field visits and sampling and analyzing results. Results revealed that in studied hospitals 2556Kg medical waste is coming out every day. According to a number of total occupied beds in studied hospitals, it shows every bed makes 83.1Kg medical waste that are infectious and hazardous wastes from 9.45 percent of this number. According to results of the study, management of hazardous medical wastes and destroying them is one of the worrisome and important problems of Hormozgan province that needs special attention for municipal planners and managers.


  • Albertoni, F., Ippolito G, Petrosillo N, Sommella L, Di Nardo V, Ricci, C., Franco, E., Perucci, C.A., Rapiti, E. & Zullo, G. (1992): Needlestick injury in hospital personnel: a multicenter survey from Central Italy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol., 13(9): 540-544.
  • Bazrafshan, I., & Pour, M.F. (2010): Evaluation of the quality and quantity of hospital waste in the province in 88-1387. Zahedan J. Res. Med. Sci. 1(38): 26-32.
  • Diaz, L.F., Eggerth, L.L., Enkhtsetseg, S.H. & Savage, G.M. (2008): Characteristics of healthcare wastes. Waste Manag. 28(7):1219-1226.
  • Eker, H.H. & Bilgili, M.S. (2011): Statistical analysis of waste generation in healthcare services: A case study. Waste Manag. Res.. 29(8): 791-796.
  • Jang, Y.C., Lee, C., Yoon, O.S. & Kim, H. (2006): Medical waste management in Korea. J. Environ. Manage., 80:107-115.
  • La Grega, M., Buckinham, A.P., & Aevans, J. (2001): Hazardous Waste Management (2nd ed.). New York, USA: McGraw-Hill Company. Marinkovic, N., Vitale, K., Holcer, N.J., Džakula, A., & Pavic, T. (2008): Management of hazardous medical waste in Croatia. Waste Manag., 28 (6): 1049-10560.
  • Mattoso, V.D., Schalch, V. (2001): Hospital waste management in Brazil: a case study. Waste Manag. Res., 19(6):567-72.
  • Mochungong, P.I.K. (2011): Environmental Exposure and Public Health Impacts of Poor Clinical Waste Treatment and Disposal in Cameroon. PhD Thesis, University of Southern Denmark.
  • Nema, A., Pathak, A., Bajaj, P., Singh, H. & Kumar, S. (2011): A case study: biomedical waste management practices at city hospital in Himachal Pradesh. Waste Manag. Res., 29(6): 669-673.
  • Philip, L.R. (2003): Safe Management of Health-Care Waste. World Health Organization.
  • Republic of Croatia, (2004): Law on waste. Republic of Croatia: Official Gazette.
  • Ropeik, D. & Gray, G., (2002): Risk. Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Sawalem, M., Selic, E. & Herbell, J.D. (2009): Hospital waste management in Libya: A case study. Waste Manag., 29(4): 1370-1375.
  • Tsakona, M., Anagnostopoulou, E. & Gidarakos, E. (2007): Hospital waste management and toxicity evaluation: a case study. Waste Manag., 27(7): 912-920.
  • WHO. (1999): Safe management of wastes from health-care activities. Geneva: Switzerland.
  • WHO. (2001): Health care waste management. Rapid assessment tool for country level. Second draft.
  • Yong, Z., Gang, X., Guanxing, W., Tao, Z. & Dawei, J. (2009): Medical waste management in China: A case study of Nanjing. Waste Manag., 29: 1376-1382.

  • DOI:10.21276/ambi.2017.04.1.ra04

    Creative Commons License

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
    Published by: National Cave Research and Protection Organization, India

    <Environmental Science+Zoology+Geology+Cave Science>AMBIENT SCIENCE